# A throttling calorimeter. cps = 2.1 kJ/kg K. solved problem

#### A throttling calorimeter is used to measure the dryness fraction of the steam in the steam main which has steam flowing at a pressure of 8 bar. The steam after passing through the calorimeter is at 1 bar pressure and 115°C. Calculate the dryness fraction of the steam in the main. Take cps = 2.1 kJ/kg K.

A throttling calorimeter is used to measure the dryness fraction of the steam in the steam main which has steam flowing at a pressure of 8 bar. The steam after passing through the calorimeter is at 1 bar pressure and 115°C. Calculate the dryness fraction of the steam in the main. Take cps = 2.1 kJ/kg K.

1. Steam at a pressure of 5 bar passes into a tank containing water where it gets condensed. The mass and temperature in the tank before the admission of steam are 50 kg and 20°C respectively. Calculate the dryness fraction of steam as it enters the tank if 3 kg of steam gets condensed and resulting temperature of the mixture becomes 40°C. Take water equivalent of tank as 1.5 kg.

2. Steam at a pressure of 1.1 bar and 0.95 dry is passed into a tank containing 90 kg of water at 25°C. The mass of tank is 12.5 kg and specific heat of metal is 0.42 kJ/kg K. If the temperature of water rises to 40°C after the passage of the steam, determine the mass of steam condensed. Neglect radiation and other losses.

3. A throttling calorimeter is used to measure the dryness fraction of the steam in the steam main which has steam flowing at a pressure of 8 bar. The steam after passing through the calorimeter is at 1 bar pressure and 115°C. Calculate the dryness fraction of the steam in the main. Take cps = 2.1 kJ/kg K.

4. The following observations were taken with a separating and a throttling calorimeter arranged in series :
Water separated = 2 kg, steam discharged from the throttling calorimeter = 20.5 kg, temperature of steam after throttling = 110°C, initial pressure = 12 bar abs., barometer = 760 mm of Hg, final pressure = 5 mm of Hg.
Estimate the quality of steam supplied.